Black rhinos are highly in danger. It is said there are only five thousand rhinos in the world. It has drastically reduced due to poaching activity. In the year 1970, there were about sixty five thousand rhinos. The black rhinos remain small in size. When compared with white rhinos, the black rhinos are small. It varies between 1750 and 3000 pounds.
Though it is small in size, the black rhinos can run about 35 mph. It has the talent to change the direction quickly while running. The life of black rhinos is approximately forty five years. It can even live for more years than mentioned here in the captivity. When it stays in the wild, it can live around thirty to thirty five years.
The rhino poaching is increased since 2007. The private and government organizations have taken several steps to safeguard the black and white rhinos. The private game reserves and national parks are targeted in the rhino war. The poaching activity is controlled with the help of anti-poaching patrol squads. It will be taught to people who are enrolling in the program. They will be taught how to monitor and safeguard the animal when it is in danger.
The anti-poaching program is conducted in groups by a private organization. It is difficult to directly enrol and take part in the program since they have several terms and conditions. Apart from this, you will get chances to learn the anti-poaching techniques, method and more during the program.
To safeguard the rhino and deter poaching, the rhinos under the campaign will be dehorned. The campaign members will stay with the staff and spend an entire day in the outdoors. They can learn about locating, logging, gathering and tracking information about the black rhinos. It includes obtaining data about the rhino’s overall health and body condition.
You have to know that it is difficult to spot rhinos as it is highly secretive. It means you have to look for its safety rather than disturb the animal. When you keep watching the rhinos, you will get to know a lot of information about its health and behaviour. You can start thinking about advanced protection and conservation methods that are not implemented or discovered still.
The trading activities of rhino products and rhino horn are banned since 1977. The horns of the rhino do not contain any medicinal value. It is tested and proved scientifically. But still some poachers hunt the animal for the horn.
Rhinos are wonderful animals. They are very calm unless intrigued. They cause no potential threat to people around them. Rhinos were once abundant in Asia and Africa, but today there are only a few countable number of rhinos are remaining. Conservation efforts are active, but poaching is seeing no mark to stop. Unless and until a full stop is put over poaching, nothing can be done to save these beautiful species. Rhino population is moving very close to extinction due to continuous poaching. IUCN declared the Western Black rhino as extinct in the year 2011. The major reason for the extinction of this species was poaching.
Not to your surprise, all five species of rhinos are listed in the red list of IUCN. Three out of these five species are categorized as critically endangered. South Africa is the major centre of conservation for rhinos in today’s date. Scientists have estimated that if the rhino poaching is not controlled, it will exceed their birth rate by the year 2018. In the year 2014, around 1,215 rhinos were killed by poachers. Poaching is not based only in South Africa. It is everywhere. Rhino population in Asia is also very limited. Especially, the Javan rhino is on the verge of extinction. Scientists have surrendered saying that it is not possible to create a living habitat for them anymore.
Whatever may be the reason, poaching has to be stopped strictly. It is the major trouble making a problem for these innocent animals. The growing demand for rhino horn in Asian countries such as China and Vietnam has led to increased poaching. Rhino horn has got no specific medical benefits still it is used to treat many different kinds of human conditions. People who sell these horns get very highly paid. This is the reason these people have made poaching a profession.
At the beginning of 20th century, there were around 5,00,00 rhinos across Asia and Africa. By 1970, this population fell to a count of 70,000. Today, this count has reduced to mere 29,000 in the wild. During the onset of the last decade, their population started to decrease significantly. With regular efforts, their population has started to increase in the past few years. Many conservation experts have come up actively to help grow their population. Poaching has also become regulated now. With strict action, poachers have been sent behind the bars. Uncontrolled poaching in the 1970s led to a dramatic decrease in the rhino population.
A statistics released in 1993 showed that there are only 2300 left in the wild. In the early 1970s, there were 65,000 of them. Across Africa, many active programmes were run to save black rhinos. This led to an increase in their population by early 2000s. The success stories of rhino conservation programmes are widely known and discussed. The most overwhelming story is of the southern white rhino. There were only 20 of them left in the early 1900s. Today, there are more than 20,000 of them. Thanks to the conservation department that made their consistent efforts to save them. It was largely needed to save them. The population is increasing every year now, so threats have reduced to a great extent now.
However, poaching is still not much under control. If it continues at the same rate, the chances are there they will again reduce to an extinction level. Strict laws are made still poachers somehow escape from the eyes of the officials. Maximum attention is now needed on the Javan rhinos. There are only 40 to 45 of them now that too in a single national park. Let’s see how far their population is saved from extinction in the near future.